“For 50 years, workers have been coming to Canada to work in our fields and pick our food, and they haven’t been able to apply for permanent residence in Canada,” Tzazna Miranda, an organizer with Justice for Migrant Workers, told Ricochet.

The Harvesting Freedom caravan began on Sept. 4 in Leamington, Ontario, and marks the 50th anniversary of the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program, a federal immigration program that brings some 30,000 seasonal migrant workers from Mexico and participating Caribbean countries to Canada to work on farms for six to eight months each year. The caravan was organized in support of the demand for residency status for all migrant farm workers in Canada.

Over the past month, the caravan has traversed more than 1,600 kilometres, stopped in over 20 cities and towns across southern Ontario, and included more than a thousand migrant workers.

From a demonstration at the Niagara Wine Festival to screenings of Min Sook Lee’s documentary Migrant Dreams, the organizers hoped the caravan would highlight the injustices migrant farmworkers face in Canada.

For Gabriel Allahdua, a former migrant worker and organizer with Justice for Migrant Workers, temporary status is the “root” of the myriad of other problems migrant workers face, which include barriers to accessing health care and asserting labour rights.

“The caravan ended in Ottawa to demand the federal government make meaningful change: granting farmworkers permanent status,” said Allahdua.

Harvesting Freedom highlights inadequacy of TFWP review

Over the past month, the caravan has traversed more than 1,600 kilometres, stopped in over 20 cities and towns across southern Ontario, and included more than a thousand migrant workers from Mexico, the Caribbean, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Guatemala and Peru.

Along the way, the caravan staged rallies and demonstrations at various government offices. In Guelph, the caravan protested outside Ontario’s Workplace Safety and Insurance Board, which is responsible for disbursing workers’ compensation to injured workers.

“So many of the people we meet are injured and are continually being pushed by the Workers’ Compensation Board to get off of workers’ compensation, even though they’re seriously injured and they can’t work,” explained Miranda.

Barriers to exercising labour rights stem from migrant workers’ temporary status.

“We have found in our work that the fact that people are temporary and can be deported at any time has meant that people are a lot less likely and less able to assert their rights,” said Miranda.

For example, while workers might have access to provincial health care, actually getting it remains difficult.

“Workers live in small rural communities where very few health clinics have created any special hours for farm workers to be able to go to the doctor. They’re never off in time to attend walk-in clinic hours,” Miranda noted.

She said that many farm workers have “lost their health to Canada and Canadian crops” as a result of barriers to accessing health care and fear that employers will fire them following injury or illness.

Jamaican farm worker Sheldon McKenzie, a 39-year-old father of two, died in May following head trauma resulting from a workplace injury, prompting a parliamentary review of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program, which includes the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program.

Just two weeks ago, the Standing Committee on Human Resources, Skills and Social Development and the Status of Persons with Disabilities released 21 recommendations following a five-meeting review, though Allahdua argued it failed to consult all stakeholders and did not spend enough time examining the program.

The recommendations include reversing the “four in four out” rule, which bars temporary foreign workers who have been working in Canada for four years from applying for a new work permit for an additional four years. Other recommendations include opening up “pathways to permanent residency” for migrant workers.

But the recommendations are “very vague as to which workers will benefit and when” and are “Bandaid measures,” Miranda argued.

Repealing the “four in four out” rule “might mean that workers have a longer chance to work, to learn their rights and assert themselves at work, but the main problem preventing them from doing so still exists: they don’t have permanent status in Canada,” she said.

Without permanent immigration status, the recommendations are futile, according to several Justice for Migrant organizers.

Workers are also angry about the recommendation that suggests the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program should create pathways to permanent immigration status.

“The Live-In Caregivers Program, for example, has had pathway to residency for years. They’ve called it a pathway to exploitation: it’s waving a carrot in front of someone who knows that if they put up with bad working conditions for several years, eventually they can get permanent residency,” Miranda told Ricochet.

Caravan builds movement, raises awareness

Allahdua explained that the caravan has helped raise public awareness to pressure the federal government to address migrants’ rights — “during our marches, teenagers would join and they said they’ve never heard that these issues exist in the society, which has been very touching” — but has also served to connect migrant workers with the movement.

Isolation underpins much of the migrant worker experience, which Allahdua argues is intentional.

The program is structured such that workers are “uninformed about their rights, always unconnected to community and services, and thus completely exploitable,” Miranda said.

Migrant workers “often don’t have anybody to turn to. They’re in such a precarious and vulnerable position. To know that there’s a voice out there for them, that there’s an outlet, there are people fighting with them and for them, you can see hope in their face and their eyes,” said Allahdua.